For many a long year television news channels and newspapers owned or controlled by the Money Power including the British Broadcasting Corporationhave been feeding us a daily diet of fake information. To maintain control and stem dissent, the ruling elites maliciously misrepresent and question the integrity of alternative media and non-corporate news sources which broadcast genuine news, and the honest revisionist historians who relate historical truths. True history reveals to those who care to learn that democracy is a sham; that we the people are akin to Orwellian proles in Oceania watched over by Big Brother and accepting of anything he cares to tell us or throw at us. Money Power control of the received history is crucially important more so than control of fake news because it enables them to keep us in the dark and ensure our ongoing subservience.
Key ideas[ edit ] Society does not consist of individuals, but expresses the sum of interrelations, the relations within which these individuals stand. From any given vantage point, a river looks much the same day after day. But actually it is constantly flowing and changing, crumbling its banks, widening and deepening its channel.
The water seen one day is never the same as that seen the next. Some of it is constantly being evaporated and drawn up, to return as rain. From year to year these changes may be scarcely perceptible.
But one day, when the banks are thoroughly weakened and the rains long and heavy, the river floods, bursts its banks, and may take a new course.
This represents the dialectical part of Marx's famous theory of dialectical or historical materialism. Hubert Kay, Life Historical materialism builds upon the idea of historical progress that became popular in philosophy during the Enlightenmentwhich contends that the development of human society has progressed through a series of stages, from hunting and gatheringthrough pastoralism and cultivation, to commercial society.
Historical materialism springs from a fundamental underlying reality of human existence: However, production does not get carried out in the abstract, or by entering into arbitrary or random relations chosen at will. Human beings collectively work on nature but do not do the same work; there is a division of labour in which people not only do different jobs, but according to Marxist theory, some people live off the fruits of others' labour by owning the means of production.
How this is accomplished depends on the type of society. Production is carried out through very definite relations between people. And, in turn, these production relations are determined by the level and character of the productive forces that are present at any given time in history.
For Marx, productive forces refer to the means of production such as the tools, instruments, technology, land, raw materials, and human knowledge and abilities in terms of using these means of production.
Marx identified the production relations of society arising on the basis of given productive forces as the economic base of society. This superstructure not only has its origin in the economic base, but its features also ultimately correspond to the character and development of that economic base, i.
Cohen argues in Karl Marx's Theory of History: It is precisely because the superstructure strongly affects the base that the base selects that superstructure. As Charles Taylor puts it, "These two directions of influence are so far from being rivals that they are actually complementary.
The functional explanation requires that the secondary factor tend to have a causal effect on the primary, for this dispositional fact is the key feature of the explanation.
Writers who identify with historical materialism usually postulate that society has moved through a number of types or modes of production. That is, the character of the production relations is determined by the character of the productive forces; these could be the simple tools and instruments of early human existence, or the more developed machinery and technology of present age.
The main modes of production Marx identified generally include primitive communism or tribal society a prehistoric stageancient societyfeudalismand capitalism. In each of these social stages, people interact with nature and produce their living in different ways.
Any surplus from that production is allotted in different ways. Ancient society was based on a ruling class of slave owners and a class of slaves; feudalism was based on landowners and serfs ; and capitalism based on the capitalist class and the working class. In the capitalist mode of production the behaviour of actors in the market economy means of production, distribution and exchange, the relations of production plays the major role in configuring society.
The capitalist class privately owns the means of production, distribution and exchange e. According to Marxist theorists[ which? Humans are inevitably involved in productive relations roughly speaking, economic relationships or institutionswhich constitute our most decisive social relations.
These relations progress with the development of the productive forces.Historical revisionism is the means by which the historical record — the history of a society, as understood in their collective memory — continually integrates new facts and interpretations of the events commonly understood as history; about which the historian James M.
McPherson, said. The fourteen-thousand members of this association, . This page contains a point-by-point refutation of the half-truths and outright lies published in a pamphlet entitled "66 Questions & Answers About the Holocaust" published as a bible for Holocaust denial by the Institute for Historical Review (IHR).
Models of the Universe are described and classified into three major categories: Historic, Expanding, and Cellular.
It is shown that all expanding universe models violate the cosmic edge and containment principle.
The multi-millennium conflict between the two major world views --the changing dynamic universe and the unchanging stable universe-- is highlighted. Whigs history, in spite of its advantages, is rather biased and outdated.
Ethnographic history, just opposite the radical revisionism, is too narrow. It studies historical events on the level of ethnos, and it is the important part of the historic science, but it can not be used as the universal method.
Revisionism: Essays on the History of Marxist Ideas. By Leopold Labedz. Read preview. Excerpt. It should be easy to define revisionism. It began with Eduard Bernstein's independent attempt to re-examine some of the original Marxian tenets, and the term should be used for subsequent efforts of this kind.
Historical Revisionism, Utopia) . The past century has seen a trend in Eastern Orthodox theologians who have attempted to distance their own theology from that of the west with historical revisionism that questions St. Augustine as part of the authentic Christian tradition.